Bugs trigger critical injury to olive plantations in Azerbaijan

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(MENAFN – AzerNews) According to trend

The olive fly badly damaged the olive plantations in Azerbaijan last season and caused a crop failure of 80 to 100 percent on some plantations in 2020, Elman Yusifov, chairman of the public association for nature conservation ‘Ekostil-Azerbaijan’ told Trend.

According to Jussifow, olive production plays an important role in the world economy, and there are around 5 million hectares of olive plantations in Europe alone.

He noted that in Azerbaijan, research on pests of the olive tree (Olea Europea) began at the beginning of the last century. As a result of studies carried out by Azerbaijani entomologists in the late 20th century, 38 pest species from 15 families were identified in olive-growing areas, of which 19 species belonged to the order Homoptera and 12 to Coleoptera.

“At that time, the purple scale insect (Parlatoria oleae) and the olive worm (Pollinia pollini) were the most harmful to olive farms, and today the olive fly (Bactrocera olea) is such a pest, the chairman reminded. ‘Since 2014, olive flies have been causing major disadvantages for farms in Europe and Central Asia. The harvest losses reached 15 to 70 percent. In Italy alone, olive oil production fell by 70 percent in the year mentioned compared to 2013.

“The above-mentioned facts raise the problem of plant protection in our country and require the development of its agrotechnical, biological, chemical, biotechnological aspects and the application in farms,” ​​said Jussifow.

‘Currently, pheromone traps are considered the most effective and environmentally friendly method of pest control. For this purpose a method for the synthesis of pheromones can be developed and the topic of mass production can be investigated in cooperation with international organizations and relevant institutions. If the result is positive, then such work can also be carried out on other plants – pomegranate, hazelnuts, greenhouse tomatoes, cucumbers and others, “added Jussifow.

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